Common names: Kaka - totonaco, Viwa o yube - mixteco, Xakua-purepecha, Guilibá– rarámuri, Bok itah –tzeltal, Itaj– tzotzil, Káni-Ñahñu. Quelite comes from the Náhuatl word quilitl meaning edible herbs
Scientific names: this is a wide term used for many different plants
Plant description: The quelites are the leaves, buds, shoots, petiole, stems and even flowers of various herbs, most of them wild, which in Mexico are considered edible and grow especially in the rainy season, in the cornfield or in the wild. In between 300 and 500 quelite species are recognized according to region.
Cultivation: Most are collected, but are also grown in family gardens. In any case, they are allowed to grow, supported or protected in different ecosystems, such as in the cornfield or directly from the forest. Some species grow alone or in company with others.
Uses: Quelites were practically consumed by all Mesoamerican cultures. Many indigenous desert cultures have survived droughts thanks to quelite consumption.
Quelites can be eaten cooked, fried, roasted, steamed, or raw, often in combination with other plants. In some dishes and drinks, they are the main dish, in others they are condiments with peculiar flavors and smells.
Quelites provide large amounts of fiber and significant doses of vitamins and minerals, as well as plant genetic resources. They generally have a lot of vitamin A and C and are useful for good healing; they strengthen blood vessels and strengthen the immune system. They also contain minerals such as calcium, potassium and iron, especially useful for maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system.
Alache (Anoda cristata) The leaves and young stems are edible. Both are usually eaten boiled or sauteed accompanied with stews.
Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) It is usually eaten as stems and leaves, in the form of a salad. They are used to treat kidney problems, it is also used to treat bile, liver disease, inflammation of the mouth. Beneficial for the cardiovascular system.
Chaya (Cnidoscolus chayamansa) Shrub domesticated by the Mayan culture. It is used as anti-inflammatory, kidney pain and diabetes
Chepil, chipil or chipilín. (Crotalaria guatemalensis) It is usually consumed in tamales or with broths. It is used to cure indigestion.
Quelite cenizo o quelite verde (Chenopodium album). It is used for digestive disorders such as dysentery, liver disorders, laxative action, kidney inflammation; also in skin rashes, rash, petty, hives, and to wash wounds.
Quintonil. Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus palmeri, Amaranthus blitoides, Amaranthus cruentus
Purslane (Portulaca oleracea) Digestive problems such as intestinal infections, "heat" in the stomach, constipation, parasitosis. Also against diabetes, varicose veins and inflammations.
Hoja Santa o Acuyo (Piper Sanctum) Digestion, stomach pain or headache, cough and asthma, rheumatism, headache.
Huauzontle (Chenopodium bonuus, Chenopodium bonus-henricus, Chenopodium berlandieri y Chenopodium berlandieri nuttalliae). Good brain function, reduce pain and stress and stimulate memory. It improves the immune system, they are antioxidants and help reduce cholesterol.
Pápalo o Papaloquelite (Porophyllum macrocephallum) Laxative, liver and even in epilepsy attacks.
CEIICH UNAM. (2018, January 12). Quelites. Historia de sabores y saberes. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=144&v=e62KVDSo5hI&feature=emb_logo
colaboradores de Wikipedia. (2020, July 17). Quelite. Wikipedia, La Enciclopedia Libre. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quelite
ESGAMEX. (2012, June 23). El Quelite, su historia y diferentes variedades explicadas por Yuri de Gortari y Edmundo Escamilla. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZNDxvBXciv8
Newsroom. (2018, September 30). Quelites: the Pre-hispanic superfood. El Universal. https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/english/quelites-superfood
R. (2019, October 2). Los quelites, una guía completa: beneficios, variedades, propiedades y usos medicinales. Más de México. https://masdemx.com/2016/06/los-quelites-una-guia-completa-beneficios-variedades-propiedades-y-usos-medicinales/
En español: Quelites