Scientific Name: Malus domestica
Climate: It grows in all temperate zones, where it is cold in winter, moderate temperatures in summer and medium to high humidity.
Plant Description: The apple is a tree that grows between two and six meters in height. It has a round crown and the leaves are oval. Apple tree flowers have five white and pink petals, are oval in shape and grow in groups. The fruit is round, green, yellow, red or mixed in color and has two or more seeds.
Cultivation: The apple tree grows best in direct sunlight. It can be grown in any type of soil with good drainage.
It can be grown from seed or by grafting. It is planted between the loss of the leaf and the new sprouting. It is grown at distances of about three meters.
Newly planted apple trees require moderate watering every week. Once it takes, the apple tree does not require frequent watering, but be sure to water all the trees during long dry periods.
It is harvested in the fall. Different apple varieties ripen at different times, so the harvest season can be long.
Uses: The apple is a tasty fruit that is used in desserts and jams. It can also be used to make good quality vinegar. Apples lower cholesterol and are good for heart, skin, dental, digestive and immune health and lower the risk of diabetes.
Pests and Diseases: Pruning annually reduces the possibility of disease by allowing more light and air to enter. To keep insects away from apple trees, make a solution of a cup of vinegar, a cup of sugar and a quart of water. The plant is fumigated with this mixture.
En español: Manzana